The Big city London is located on the banks of the famous River Thames. It’s seat of the GOVT of Britain and the Nations financial center. The city has forever applied its privileged place in the southeastern UK to its advantage since this had forever been a wealthy and populated area.
London was founded by the Roman s and their regulation extended from 43-AD to the 5th century AD when the kingdom fell. During the 3rd century, the Londinium name given to the area to by Romans had a population of 50k really thanks to its major port.
As a result of repeated Saxon invasions during the 5th century, the Londinium declined during the 8th century it turns out to be the capital of the Empire of the Essex and was below the supervision of the bishop. During the 9th century, the area suffered lots of Viking attacks. As an outcome, Danish settlers recognized themselves in the town, operating a business and encouraging trade in the town, turning into the 1st urban center of UK. The area’s wealth and strength attracted the Danish Heathen army, that besieged the town until it was captured ruler Alfred in 886.
In 1067, the area’s existing rights, rules, and privileges were recognized by the newly crowned ruler of Britain, William Duke. The Tower of London was created during King William’s era.
In 1199, the Ruler King John the city’s of self GOVT and in 1255 the area could elect a diff mayor each year. For several years, UK had no capital city. Though, the institution of central GOVT was shifted to Westminster, near to London. This and the rise up of the trade in the area were 2 decisive issues in selecting London as the capital of United Kingdom.
An ever-rising city
During the 14th century London’s port turns out to be a hub for the distribution of goods, this activity was fortified during the 15th century thanks to its relevant textile sector. For the 16th century to mid 17th, London benefited from the regionalized politics and the maritime trade made by the Tudors & contributed by the Stuarts.
In 1665, London was remains held inside the ancient walls though wide urban planning has previously started. The populace’s poor living conditions were responsible for the better Plague, murdering the 70k people. The following time, a huge fire burnt down most of the area.
From the year 1750, the populace increased from the 700k to over 4, 00,000 in the 19th century. At the end of the 19th century, London turns into the worldwide trade and finance capital.
The administrative requires of the city with much commercial activities led the making of new autonomous territorial units in 1888, the county of the city, ruled by the city-county council. This council was divided into 29 electoral units, but the progressive expansion very soon overflowed outside the council boundaries to the suburban regions. After a slow period, the population of the city started to decline at the end of WW-1 and fell below 3.5M by 1950. In contrast, the suburban region grew slowly.
In 1963, a new division of the city agglomeration was established, comprising the old town and thirty-two metropolitan boroughs.